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What is Chipset in Motherboard, North and South Bridge.

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What is chipset in Mortherboard
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Chipset is one of the main parts of the Motherboard. In this article, I will explain What is Chipset in Motherboard and,  What is North and South Bridge is in Computer.

What is Chipset in Motherboard?

We now know that the chipset handles an incredible amount of data, it’s important to see which chipsets are performing the best. Firstly to choose a chipset that supports your CPU. You obviously can not have a chipset designed for an Intel CPU if you’re using an Athlon XP. Then the best way to see which chipsets are performing the best is to look at benchmarks on various sites.

A slow chipset can be as damaging to your system’s overall speed as a slow CPU or slow memory. If you have a poor-performing chipset, then any time that your computer is sending and receiving data from the graphics card or main memory, the system is struggling.

Read More: What is TELNET in Computer?

  • What Chipset does in Motherboard

We have all heard about the latest chipsets from Intel, VIA, Nvidia, and more and how much better they are. But what does the chipset actually do on the motherboard? We know what the CPU does, we know too much about the chipset. Hopefully, we can shed a little light on the Working of the Chipset and why they differ from one chipset to the next.

What is the North and Southbridge in the computer?

The Chipset consists of two major microchips which are the Northbridge and SouthBridge. The North Bridge Handles data for the AGP port and the main memory which includes the FSB(Front side bus).

Although bost chips are required for the PC to work the North Bridge handles most of the very important tasks such as the connection between the CPU and main memory. The South  Bridge handles data from the PCI can also have integrated components such as Audio Codec’s etc.

Read More: What is Wireless Networking?

  • Catch the Bus

The Function of a chipset is to manage data throughput. All data that your components require or acquire need to be transported. They are transported by what’s known as a bus. The bus carry’s the data to where it needs to go via the chipset. Today’s CPU has the cache memory “on-chip” and so there is no need to go through the chipset.

The memory bus speed is on a different bus and this speed can be changed independently. All buses go through the chipset to get directions for where it needs to take the data. Because of the amount of data that goes through the chipset, the chipset must be up to speed.


I hope you get the all information about Chipset in Motherboard, North and South Bridge. If you like this article, you can share and comment. So that we too have a chance to learn something from your ideas and improve something.🙂

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Explain How to Write Curve,bend and wrap text in ms word

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How Write Curve text in ms word
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Microsoft Word is one the most useful Software for office work, Student presentation, and many more. We use Curve, bend, and wrap text in ms word many times as an office, collage, School presentation Heading. In this article, You will know how to Write Curve, bend, and wrap text in ms word Step by step.

Why do we use Curve, bend, and wrap text in ms word?

Curved text is used when you design a flyer, newsletter, and logo in your Word document to enhance the look of the presentation. Microsoft Word has a very easy way to Write Curve, bend, and wrap text.

How to Write Curve, bend, and wrap text in MS Word Step by step:

Step 1: Open the new or an existing Word document.

Step 2: Highlight or select the text that you want to curve, bend, or warp.

Step 3: Go to the Insert tab on the Ribbon and click on the WordArt icon in the Text section.

Read Also: What is Mail Merge in MS word, How to use it

M S Word Step 1

Step 4: A list of WordArt will appear. Select the letter style from the WordArt list to apply to the text.

WordArt List

Step 5: Once WordArt is added to your text, a new menu Drawing tool is created automatically. Now, go to the Format tab on the Ribbon and click on the drop-down icon then click Text Efforts in the WordArt Styles section.

Text Effect in ms word

Step 6: Click on the Transform option from the Text Effects drop-down menu. Select the curve that you want to apply in the selected text.

How to Write Curve Text in ms word

Result: Now your Selected word is Transformed in your chosen style(Curve, bend, and wrap).

Carve text in Ms Word

 

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Explain Lookup function in Excel | Explain V and H lookup Function

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Explain Lookup function in Excel
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Lookup is one of the most used full functions in Microsoft Excel. It’s used to categorize under Excel Lookup and reference functions. In this article, I explain What is the Lookup function in Excel | Explain V and H lookup Function

Explain Lookup function in Excel

The LOOKUP Function is categorized under Excel Lookup and reference functions. This section discusses various techniques that you can use to look UP a value in a range of data Excel has three functions(LookUP, V LookUP, H LookUP) designed for this task.

A Look-UP formula essentially returns a value from a table by looking up another related value. A common telephone directory provides a good analogy. If you want to find a person’s telephone number, You first locate the name and then retrieve the corresponding number.

Example of LookUp Function in Excel :

In Worksheet that uses Several look UP formulas. This Worksheet Contains a table of employee data, beginning in row 7. This range name is EmpData. When you enter the last name into cell C2, lookup formulas in D2:G2 retrieve the matching information from the table. If the last name does not appear in column C, the formulas return.

Explain Lookup function in Excel

The following lookup formulas use the Vlookup function:

  • D2 = VLOOKUP (C2, EmpData,2,FALSE)
  • E2 = VLOOKUP (C2, EmpData,3,FALSE)
  • F2 = VLOOKUP (C2, EmpData,4,FALSE)
  • G2 = VLOOKUP (C2, EmpData,5,FALSE)

 

Explain V-Lookup Function in Excel


The VLookup function looks up the value in the first column of the lookup table and returns the corresponding value in a specified table column. So, the lookup table arranges vertically.

The syntax  for the VLookUp Function is: VLOOKUP(lookup_value,table_array,col_index_num,range_lookup)

The VLookup Function’s arguments are as follows:

  • lookup_value: The value is to be in the first column of the lookup table.
  • table_array: The range that contains the lookup table.
  • col_index_num: The column number within the table from which the matching value is in return.
  • range_lookup: Optional. If TRUE or omitted, an approximate match is returned. However, If FALSE, Vlookup will search for an exact match and, if Vlookup can’t find an exact match, the function returns #/NA.

Explain H-Lookup Function in Excel


The HLookup function works just like the VLookup function except that the lookup table is arranged horizontally instead of vertically. The HLookup function looks up the value in the first row of the lookup table and returns the corresponding value in a specified table row.

The syntax  for the HLookUp Function is: HLOOKUP(lookup_value,table_array,row_index_num,range_lookup)

The HLookup function’s arguments are as follows:

  • lookup_value: The value is to be in the first row of the lookup table.
  • table_array: The range that contains the lookup table.
  • row_index_num: The row number within the table from which the matching value is in return.
  • range_lookup: Optional. If TRUE or omitted, an approximate match is returned. However, If FALSE, Vlookup will search for an exact match and, if Vlookup can’t find an exact match, the function returns #/NA.

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Difference between Vector and Raster graphics?Example

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Difference between Vector and Raster graphics with Example
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Graphics help us to see the photo, video, Animation Popularly, and Vector Graphics are sharp and detailed than Raster Graphics. In this article, I Explain the Difference between Vector and Raster graphics with Examples.

What is the difference between Vector and Raster graphics?

Graphics are part of Multimedia. In Digital media like Photo, Video, Animation all these things are made by graphics. Graphics are two types Vector Graphics and Raster Graphics.

Vector Graphics

Raster Graphics

Vector Graphics are composed of paths. Raster graphics are composed of pixels.
Vector Graphics such as a.eps file or Adobe Illustrator file are composed of paths or lines, that are either straight or curved. Raster graphics Such as a .gif .jpeg is arranging of pixels of various colors, which together form an image.
The data file for a Vector image contains the points where the paths and ends how much the path curve, and the colors that either border or fill the paths. Raster graphics, on the other hand, become “blocky” since each pixel increases in size as the image is larger.
Vector Graphics is Capable of detailed editing. Raster graphics are Less detailed but offer precise paths.

Read Also: What is Multimedia in Computer With Example

Difference between Vector and Raster graphics with Example

Example of Vector Graphics Software with Format:

  1. Adobe Illustrator.
  2. CorelDraw.

Vector Graphics typically saved as EPS, AI, SVG, PDF Format.

Example of Raster graphics Software with Format:

  1. Adobe Photoshop.
  2. Gimp.

Raster Graphics saved as JPG, GIF, PNG, TIF, BMP Format.


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