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Explain What is Hypermedia, HTML, XML, SMIL with Example

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what is html, xml. Hypermedia
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In this article, I Explain What is Hypermedia, HTML, XML, SMIL With Example, the Difference between HTML and XML. Hypermedia is used as a logical extension of the term hypertext in which graphic, audio, video. HTML, XML, SMIL all are related to each other.

What is Hypermedia?

Hypermedia is used as a logical extension of the term hypertext in which graphic, audio, video. Plain text and hyperlinks intertwine to create a generally non-linear medium of information. However, this contrasts with the broader term multimedia, which may be used to describe non-interactive linear presentations as well as hypermedia. It is also related to the field of electronic literature. A term first used in a 1965 article by Ted Nelson. The world wild webs is a classic example of hypermedia.

Similarly, the first hypermedia work was, arguably, the Aspen Movie Map. Atkinson’s Hyper card popularized hypermedia writing, while a variety of literary hypertext and hypertext works, fiction and nonfiction, demonstrated the promise of links. Most modern hypermedia is delivered via stand-alone applications. Audio hypermedia is about voice command devices and voice browsing.


What is HTML?

HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language, this is a language for publishing hypermedia on the world wild web. it is defined using SGML and derives elements that describe generic document structure and formatting. Since it uses ASCII, it is portable to all different computer hardware, which allows for the global exchange of information. The current version of HTML is version 5, specified in 2014. now the generation of HTML is XHTML,a reformulation of HTML using XML.

HTML uses tags to describe document elements. the tags are in the format<token params>to define the start point of a document element and </token>to define the end of the element. Some elements have only inline parameters and don’t require ending tags. For instance, HyperText Markup Language divides the document into a HEAD and a BODY part.

Read More: What is URL?

A Simplified HTML Example:

<!Doctype html> :This tag for HTML5

<html>

<head></head>

<body></body>

</html>

The head describes document definitions which are parsed before any document rendering is done. These include the page title, resource links. and meta-information the author describes specifying. Similarly, the BODY tag describes the document structure and content. Common structure elements are paragraphs, tables, forms, links, item lists. and button. These things need to create an HTML or web page.

Read Also: What is FTP Protocol, FTP Servers, FTP Clients

What XML?

XML stands for EXtensible Markup Language, XML is a markup language much like HTML. However, XML was designed to carry data, not to display data like HTML. In this language, the tag is not predefined, For instance, you must define your own tags, XML is designed to be self-descriptive.

A Simplified XML Example:

<? XML Version=”1.0″?>

<Note>

<to>Amal</to>

<from>Rajat</from>

<heading>Remainder</heading>

<body>Don’t Forget to Bring the book !</body>

</note>

  • The difference Between XML and HTML

XML was designed to transport and store data, with a focus on what data is. Similarly, HTML is about display information or data.

What Is SMIL?

SMIL stands for Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language, SMIL pronounced as a “smile”. Therefore, this Language for describing audiovisual presentations, SMIL is easy to learn and understand. This language is like HTML Language, but SMIL written in XML. For instance, SMIL presentations can be written using a text editor, This language is also the W3a(World Wide Web Consortium) recommendation like XML Language.

A Simplified SMIL Example:

<smil>

<body>

<seq repeatcount=”Indefinite” >

<img src=”image.jpg” dur=”3s”>

<img src=”image1.jpg” dur=”4s”>

</seq>

</body>

</smil>


I hope you get the all information about Hypermedia, HTML, XML, SMIL with Example. If you like this article, you can share and comment. So that we too have a chance to learn something from your ideas and improve something.🙂

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Explain Lookup function in Excel | Explain V and H lookup Function

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Explain Lookup function in Excel
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Lookup is one of the most used full functions in Microsoft Excel. It’s used to categorize under Excel Lookup and reference functions. In this article, I explain What is the Lookup function in Excel | Explain V and H lookup Function

Explain Lookup function in Excel

The LOOKUP Function is categorized under Excel Lookup and reference functions. This section discusses various techniques that you can use to look UP a value in a range of data Excel has three functions(LookUP, V LookUP, H LookUP) designed for this task.

A Look-UP formula essentially returns a value from a table by looking up another related value. A common telephone directory provides a good analogy. If you want to find a person’s telephone number, You first locate the name and then retrieve the corresponding number.

Example of LookUp Function in Excel :

In Worksheet that uses Several look UP formulas. This Worksheet Contains a table of employee data, beginning in row 7. This range name is EmpData. When you enter the last name into cell C2, lookup formulas in D2:G2 retrieve the matching information from the table. If the last name does not appear in column C, the formulas return.

Explain Lookup function in Excel

The following lookup formulas use the Vlookup function:

  • D2 = VLOOKUP (C2, EmpData,2,FALSE)
  • E2 = VLOOKUP (C2, EmpData,3,FALSE)
  • F2 = VLOOKUP (C2, EmpData,4,FALSE)
  • G2 = VLOOKUP (C2, EmpData,5,FALSE)

 

Explain V-Lookup Function in Excel


The VLookup function looks up the value in the first column of the lookup table and returns the corresponding value in a specified table column. So, the lookup table arranges vertically.

The syntax  for the VLookUp Function is: VLOOKUP(lookup_value,table_array,col_index_num,range_lookup)

The VLookup Function’s arguments are as follows:

  • lookup_value: The value is to be in the first column of the lookup table.
  • table_array: The range that contains the lookup table.
  • col_index_num: The column number within the table from which the matching value is in return.
  • range_lookup: Optional. If TRUE or omitted, an approximate match is returned. However, If FALSE, Vlookup will search for an exact match and, if Vlookup can’t find an exact match, the function returns #/NA.

Explain H-Lookup Function in Excel


The HLookup function works just like the VLookup function except that the lookup table is arranged horizontally instead of vertically. The HLookup function looks up the value in the first row of the lookup table and returns the corresponding value in a specified table row.

The syntax  for the HLookUp Function is: HLOOKUP(lookup_value,table_array,row_index_num,range_lookup)

The HLookup function’s arguments are as follows:

  • lookup_value: The value is to be in the first row of the lookup table.
  • table_array: The range that contains the lookup table.
  • row_index_num: The row number within the table from which the matching value is in return.
  • range_lookup: Optional. If TRUE or omitted, an approximate match is returned. However, If FALSE, Vlookup will search for an exact match and, if Vlookup can’t find an exact match, the function returns #/NA.

I hope you get the all information about Explain Lookup function. V and H lookup Function in Excel with Example. If you like this article, you can share and comment. So that we too have a chance to learn something from your ideas and improve something.

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What is Bios, stands for| Functions of Bios, Update in Computer

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What is Bios in computer
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Bios is one of the most important components to run the computer. In this article, I Explain What is Bios, What bios Stand for. Functions of Bios and How to  Update Bios using USB flash Drive in Computer.

What is Bios in Computer, Bios Stands for?

Bios Stands For Basic Input Output System. The Biso is software that is built into the pc and it is the first software that runs by a PC or Laptop when the Computer powers on. The fundamental purposes of the Bios are to initialize and test the system hardware components and load Operating System or other programs from a mass memory. Bios Contents are stored on an EEPROM Chip (also called flash Bios). So that the contents can be rewritten without removing the chip from the motherboard.

Read More: What is Cache Memory in Computer, Mobile Phone


Functions of Bios in Computer

Using Bios Function you can do some specific things. Most of the Motherboards have the same functions with different  UI(User Interface). You can access Bios by pressing a certain key of the keyboard like Press Del/F12/F2 key etc.

Bios Functions and update

Using Bios functions you can do:

  1. Configure Hardware.
  2. Set the System Clock.
  3. Enable or Disable System Components.
  4. Select or set Boot Drives.
  5. Set various password prompts. Such as a password for securing the Bios User Interface functions itself and preventing malicious users from booting the system from unauthorized peripheral devices.

Read More:  Types Of Memory In Computer


How to Update Bios in Computer using USB

If your motherboard is outdated, the company provides an update to run a new-gen device like a processor squashing bugs, refreshing a corrupted UEFI environment, and much more.

To update your Motherboard Bios 

  • You need to download the latest Bios/Firmware from the manufacturer’s company website.
  • Then put the new Bios file in the USB flash Drive using  Rufus, Power ISO, etc.
  • Restart Your PC, and enter the Bios setting using the method above. After that Use the board’s UEFI interface to navigate to the board’s BIOS update section usually dubbed “EZ-Flash,” “M-Flash” or the like.
  • Once started, you will be asked to navigate to the BIOS file. Select your USB stick and follow the onscreen instructions to complete your BIOS update.
  • After finish, the Update restart, and now your motherboard is ready to use.

 

I hope, you get the information about Bios, Bios Function, and How to update bios. If you like this article, you can share and comment. So that we too have a chance to learn something from your ideas and improve something.

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What is Mail Merge in MS word, How to use it(Updated)

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What is mail Merge in ms word
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Mail merge is a useful tool that will allow you to easily produce multiple letters, labels, envelopes, name tags, and more using information stored in a list, database, In Microsoft Word. In this article, I explain what is Mail Merge in MS Word, How to use mail merge step by step.

What is Mail Merge in MS Word?

Mail merge is a feature within most data processing applications that enables users to send a similar letter or document to multiple recipients. Mail Merge is a useful tool that will allow you to easily produce multiple letters, labels, and envelopes, using information stored in a list, or database, In Microsoft Word. This file can be a spreadsheet or database file containing separate fields for each different type of information to be merged within the letter.

How to use mail merge step by step:

  1. Open an existing Word document, or create a new one.
  2. Click the Mailings tab.
  3. Click the Start Mail Merge Command.
  4. Select step by step Mail Merges Wizard.

The MailMerge task pane appears and will guide you through the six main steps to complete a mail merge. The following is an example of how to create a form letter and merge the letter with a recipient list.

mailmerge

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  • Step 1:
  1. Choose the type of document you wish to create. In this example, Select Letters.
  2. Click Next: Starting document to move to Step 2.

what is Mail Merge

 

  • Step 2:
  1. Select use the current document. Click Next: Select Recipients to move to Step3

mail merge

  • Step 3:

Now you will need an address list so that word can automatically place each address into the document. The list can be in an existing file, such as an Excel Workbook, or you can type a new address list from within the MailMerge Wizard.

1. From the Mail Merge task pane, select Use an existing list and then click Browse.

mailmerge2. Locate your file in the dialog box(you have to navigate to a different folder) and click Open.

how to use mail mage

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3. If the address list is an AccessDatabase, select the Table that contains the list and click Ok.

What is Mail Merge4. In the Mail Merge Recipients dialog box, you can check or uncheck each recipient to control which ones are used in the mail merge. When you’re DONE, CLICK OK to close the dialog box.

mail

5. From the Mail Merge task pane, click Next: Write your letter to move to step4.

  • Step 4:

To Insert Recipient Data:

1. Place the insertion point in the document where you wish the information to appear.

2. Select Address block, Greeting line, Electronic Postage, or More items from the task pane.

mail

3. Depending on your selection, a dialog box may appear with various options. Select the desired options and click OK.

what is mail merge in ms word

4. A placeholder appears in your document. For Example:”AddressBlock”.

5. Repeat these steps each time you need to enter information from your data record.

6. From the Mail Merge task pane, click Next: Preview tour letters to move to step5.

  • Step 5:

  1. Preview the letters to make sure the information from the recipient list appears correctly in the letter. you can the left and right scroll arrows to view each document.
  2. Click Next: Complete the Merge to move to step6.

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  • Step 6:

1. Click Print to print the letters.

how to print mail marge

2. The Merge to Printer dialog box opens. Click all, and then click OK.

print

3. The print dialog box will appear. Adjust the print setting if needed, and then click OK.

print mail merge


I hope you get the all information about Mail Merge in MS word and  How to use it. If you like this article, you can share and comment. So that we too have a chance to learn something from your ideas and improve something.

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