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Earthquake: Next earthquake may be terrible, scientists tell ‘cold’ news about Himalayas

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Earthquake in Himalayas: Senior geographer Ajay Pal said that since earthquakes cannot be predicted, it is necessary to prepare oneself in advance. Just as great damage can be avoided in this way, in the same way earthquake can be dealt with with skillful hands.

File image after the earthquake in Nepal

Dehradun: Do you remember the terrible earthquake that hit Nepal in 2015? Nepal was almost devastated by the terrible earthquake. India was also affected by that earthquake. Keeping the same memory in mind, Nepal was again shaken by the earthquake at midnight on Tuesday. The magnitude of the earthquake was measured at 6.3 on the Richter scale. India has also been affected by this earthquake. Many states including Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar were affected for two consecutive times till 2 am. Earthquake tremors were also felt in Andaman and Nicobar Islands on Wednesday midnight. Scientists have expressed concern after one earthquake after another. Scientists have also warned that there is a possibility of a severe earthquake in the Himalayan region. It is advisable to prepare in advance so that a situation like Nepal does not arise in India.

Tremors were also felt in Delhi, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand after the 6.3 magnitude earthquake that struck Nepal on Tuesday midnight. Ajay Pal, a senior geographer at Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, said, “The Himalayas were formed by the collision of the Indian and Eurasian plates. Earthquakes are caused by the constant pressure of the Eurasian plate over the Indian plate. This earthquake is a very common phenomenon when two plates collide beneath the Himalayas. The entire Himalayan region is vulnerable to earthquakes. There is always a possibility of strong earthquakes in this region.”

The scientist said that if an earthquake occurs in the Himalayan region in future, it will be very strong. These tremors can measure 7 or higher on the Richter scale. He said that it is not possible to predict when this earthquake will occur. He said, “No one knows when this earthquake will happen. This earthquake can happen next moment, next month or 100 years from now.”

Significantly, in the last 150 years, there have been a total of four major earthquakes in the Himalayas. In 1897 there was a severe earthquake in Shillong. After that tremors were felt in Kangra in 1905, Bihar-Nepal border in 1934 and Assam in 1950. Apart from this, there were severe earthquakes in Uttarkashi in 1991, Chamoli in 1999 and Nepal in 2015.

Senior geographer Ajay Pal said that since earthquakes cannot be predicted, it is important to be prepared in advance. Just as great damage can be avoided in this way, in the same way earthquake can be dealt with with skillful hands. As a suggestion, he said that houses should be built in earthquake prone areas in such a way that they are not affected by the earthquake. In Japan also houses are built this way. Apart from this, do mock drills at least once in a year. If these things can be done, it is possible to reduce the impact of an earthquake by 99.99 percent.

Citing the example of Japan, Dr. Pal said, “Since Japan is prone to earthquakes, various preparations are already made in that country. This is the reason that even though there are frequent small and big earthquakes, there has been no loss of life or property in Japan. He said that Wadia Sansthan often sends special teams to create awareness in villages and schools in the lap of Himalayas.

Naresh Kumar, another geophysicist from the same institute, said that the Uttarakhand seismic zone lies between four and five. Due to this the area is highly earthquake prone. There are about 60 earthquake observatories in Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand to monitor the movement of seismic plates.

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